Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT), Govt. of India
The Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) was started in January, 2013 with the aim of reforming Government delivery system by re-engineering the existing process in welfare schemes for simpler and faster flow of information/funds and to ensure accurate targeting of the beneficiaries, de-duplication and reduction of fraud. DBT Mission was created in the Planning Commission to act as the nodal point for the implementation of the DBT programmes. The Mission was transferred to the Department of Expenditure in July, 2013 and continues to function till September 2015. To give more impetus, DBT Mission and matters related thereto has been placed in Cabinet Secretariat under Secretary (Co-ordination & PG).
Electronic Payment Framework was laid and all Ministries/ Departments and their attached Institutions / PSUs are following the framework. It is applicable on all Central Sector (CS) / Centrally Sponsored Schemes (CSS) and for all schemes where components of cash are transferred to individual beneficiaries. Since Aadhaar provides unique identity and is useful in targeting the intended beneficiaries, Aadhaar is preferred and beneficiaries are encouraged to have Aadhaar. JAM i.e. Jan Dhan, Aadhaar and Mobile are DBT enablers and as on date more than 22 crore Jan Dhan Account, more than 100 crore Aadhaar and about 100 crore.
Mobile connections provide a unique opportunity to implement DBT in all welfare schemes across country including States & UTs. DBT will bring efficiency, effectiveness, transparency and accountability in the Government system and infuse confidence of citizen in the governance. Use of modern technology and IT tools will realize the dream of MAXIMUM GOVERNANCE MINIMUM GOVERNMENT.